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Stop It Before It Is Too Late
What makes young people smoke, drink, take drugs or lead a dissolute life? As a rule they don't think about the risks they run and the terrible consequences of such a dissolute life. But they'd better stop it before it is too late.
Smoking is practiced by more than 1 billion people including women, teenagers and children. Smokers should know that nicotine is a drug that causes addiction like heroin or cocaine and it is very harmful to their health. Besides nicotine there are over 400 chemicals in one cigarette that are known to be harmful. Smoking is among the leading causes of many serious diseases such as many forms of cancer including lung cancer, heart attacks, cardiovascular disease, asthma, bronchitis, cataracts, etc. It can lead to birth defects and reduces memory. Tobacco-related diseases shorten life and cause premature death. Regular smokers are estimated to live up to 10 years fewer than nonsmokers. Besides all these facts people who smoke have yellow teeth, bad breath, dry skin and premature wrinkles. So what is it that makes people light up a cigarette in spite of all warnings? Some of them say that they enjoy smoking because they like the taste or smell of cigarettes or because it helps them steady their nerves and think. Others say that it helps them make friends and feel relaxed in a company of smoking people. For many children and teenagers smoking is the first step out of childhood and the way to show off. But the game is not worth the candle!
As soon as people began to realize the health hazards of smoking there have been many attempts to ban it. But despite many restrictions, bans and anti-smoking advertising a considerable proportion of the population remains heavy smokers. Some people try to give up smoking but not all of them are strong enough not to return to this bad habit. Without their cigarettes, smokers feel irritated, nervous and depressed. The governments of many countries are launching anti-smoking campaigns in mass media. Smokers do harm to their health and to the health of those people who surround them. Passive, or secondhand smoking, is dangerous to people who have to inhale smoke. That's why there are good reasons to ban smoking in public places, including offices, restaurants, bars and night clubs.
Some people are sure that alcohol helps them relax, feel more confident, communicate with people and enjoy life. As a result they have a hangover and feel pangs of conscience the next day. A drunk person is characterized by a tipsy gait, slurred speech and silly or indecent behaviour. He is not responsible for his actions and everything may happen to him. For example, he may loose his purse or fall and break his leg. A drunk person is often subject to violence and public disorder. He is extremely dangerous when he drives a car as it can lead to terrible accidents. Alcohol misuse causes physical, social and moral harm to the drinker. Overdosing can be fatal as it causes alcoholic poisoning. Large amounts of alcohol impair normal brain development. A person who drinks loses everybody's respect and it affects his family and friends. Besides, it is very difficult to stop drinking especially for a woman.
people throughout the world have AIDS (Acquired Immune
Deficiency Syndrome) which is caused by HIV (human
immunodeficiency virus). HIV makes a person's body unable to
defend itself against diseases and infections. Thousands of
young people are infected with AIDS every day. 9 out of 10
people are unaware that they are infected. The disease is passed
through leading a dissolute life, blood transfusion or
breastfeeding from mother to her baby. People taking drugs
infect each other exchanging needles or syringes. There is still
no cure for AIDS, but some medical treatments have made it
possible for the infected people to live for much longer than
before as they slow the course of the disease. Everybody should
care about AIDS as it can touch anyone.
2. Complete each sentence (A—H) with one of the endings (1-8):
5. Imagine that you are speaking to your younger brother. Give
as many arguments as you can against (1) smoking, (2) drinking,
(3) taking drugs and (4) leading a dissolute life and say some
words about their destructive consequences
A dissolute way of life has killed many people and there are a
lot of celebrities among them. Read the information about some
famous people who died because of AIDS, alcohol or drug
addiction. Give your own examples from life.
A. Which thing is the silliest and the most dangerous to do?
Choose one or two points from the list below and explain your
choice. Compare your answer with other people in your group and
say if you agree with them.
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2. Правила чтения слов смотрите здесь.
3. Подробный перевод в словаре Мультитран. (В часы перегрузок Интернета работает медленно, но словарь хороший.)
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